SDG 12 · Indicator

Nitrogen emissions embodied in imports


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SDG achieved

Challenges remain

Significant challenges remain

Major challenges remain

Information unavailable


Emissions of reactive nitrogen embodied in imported goods and services. Reactive nitrogen corresponds here to emissions of ammonia, nitrogen oxides and nitrous oxide to the atmosphere, and of reactive nitrogen potentially exportable to water bodies, all of which can be harmful to human health and the environment.

Long-Term Objective

Technical Optimum

The long-term objective for this indicator is a value of 0.


Oita et al. (2016)

Nitrogen emissions embodied in imports