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Ratings provide a visual representation of a country’s performance on the indicator.


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SDG achieved

Challenges remain

Significant challenges remain

Major challenges remain

Information unavailable


The amount of official development assistance (ODA) as a share of gross national income (GNI). It includes grants, "soft" loans (where the grant element is at least 25% of the total) and the provision of technical assistance and excludes grants and loans for military purposes. There is a break in the series because from 2019, the ODA grant-equivalent methodology is used whereby only the “grant portion” of the loan, i.e. the amount “given” by lending below market rates, counts as ODA.

Long-Term Objective

Average of best performers

The long-term objective for this indicator is a value of 1.



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All data presented on this website are based on the publication Sachs, J.D., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G., Drumm, E. (2023). Implementing the SDG Stimulus. Sustainable Development Report 2023. Paris: SDSN, Dublin: Dublin University Press, 2023. 10.25546/102924

For high-income and all OECD DAC countries: International concessional public finance, including official development assistance