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Ratings provide a visual representation of a country’s performance on the indicator.


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SDG achieved

Challenges remain

Significant challenges remain

Major challenges remain

Information unavailable


The mean annual percentage of permanent deforestation over the last 3-year period. Permanent deforestation refers to tree cover removal for urbanization, commodity production and certain types of small-scale agriculture whereby the previous tree cover does not return. It does not include temporary forest loss due to cuttings within the forestry sector or wildfires. Since data on tree cover gains are not available, the annual net loss cannot be calculated, thus the indicator is an estimate for gross permanent deforestation.

Long-Term Objective

SDG Target

The long-term objective for this indicator is a value of 0.


Curtis et al. (2018) data updated to 2021

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All data presented on this website are based on the publication Sachs, J.D., Lafortune, G., Fuller, G., Drumm, E. (2023). Implementing the SDG Stimulus. Sustainable Development Report 2023. Paris: SDSN, Dublin: Dublin University Press, 2023. 10.25546/102924

Permanent deforestation